How to build Concrete Steps | Concrete Work Contractor

img_2461
cropped-mixer.jpg

We were contracted to install 5 new square concrete steps in front of a new emergency exit.

Concrete Steps Specifications

Dependable Concrete Contractor use 4000 psi concrete with fiber-mesh.  A higher psi mix prevents spalling,  scaling or pitting from de-icing materials.  According to PCA, a national concrete association, “Since scaling damage to pavements of all types is caused by physical salt attack, the use of high strength (4,000 psi or more), low permeability, air entrained concrete is crucial to good durability in these applications.”

Fiber mesh strengthens concrete work to prevent cracking.  There are several  types of fiber based on the application.  For concrete steps, concrete driveways, concrete walkways, concrete patios, concrete backyards and concrete basement floors,  we use “Fiber Mesh 150.”

concrete-fibers

Forming Concrete steps

90% of the time we use 2×8 lumber for the concrete step risers and 3/4″ plywood for the side board.  We stiffen the side boards straight with 3 long  2×3 horizontal support see photo below.

img_0183

If the form work is not accurate then the concrete steps will reveal the errors from improper leveling, plumbing and measuring.  Forming and layout is an absolutely critical step in concrete step construction. Ignoring industry standard practices will result in a failed project.  Novice concrete work contractors suffer with this phase either because they underestimate the weight and lateral force of concrete or a unclear understanding that the form work represents the negative mold.

Finishing Concrete Steps

The final stage is applying the finish coat. We use 1 part cement to 3 parts bar sand. To achieve a thoroughly mixed batch we use a drill with a paddle.  Cement must be added to the raw concrete steps to shape the edges, corners and honeycombs after pulling the forms. For traction we broom finish the treads of the concrete steps. See video below for a display of these steps.

lime-mortar-mix-ratio-1

Concrete Work – Curing

Concrete work takes 28 days to cure to full strength.  However, after 24 hours the Concrete steps are accessible to traffic.

strength

Concrete repair like resurfacing concrete steps requires much less time since the density of the material is much less. Within 2-3 days depending on temperature, a sealers and paints can be applied to concrete or cement repair work. See our Youtube video on concrete step repair.

img_2461


About Us

Dependable Concrete Work Contractors have been doing cement work in Philadelphia for 35 years.  We take pride in our cement and concrete work and are willing to share our expertise through our catalog of videos and blogs. Please follow us.

Click on our videos below or visit our YouTube channel 

Concrete work

Cement work

Visit our website for more information: www.dependableconcrete.com

Please leave a comment below, like and share this article

 

Advertisements

One thought on “How to build Concrete Steps | Concrete Work Contractor

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s